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CTLA4 Signaling

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Description

CTLA4 (CD152) is a member of a class of cell surface molecules capable of terminating early events in the receptor-mediated signaling cascade. It is a 41–43 kDa,type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein of the immunoglobin superfamily having 223 amino acids in length. The extracellular architecture of CTLA4 is characterized by a single IgV-like domain containing the B7- 1 (CD80)/B7-2 (CD86) ligand-binding site. Expression of CTLA4 is dependent both on TCR stimulation by the antigens and CD28-B7 engagement. The costimulatory CTLA4 pathway, attenuates or downregulates T cell activation and CTLA4 is designed to remove body cells displaying "foreign" epitope, such as virus-infected cells, cells containing intracellular bacteria, and cancer cells with mutant surface proteins. The CTLs (Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes) are able to kill these [...]

References:

1.Intrinsic and extrinsic control of peripheral T-cell tolerance by costimulatory molecules of the CD28/?B7 family.
Bour-Jordan H, Esensten JH, Martinez-Llordella M, Penaranda C, Stumpf M, Bluestone JA.
Immunol Rev. 2011 May;241(1):180-205.
2.CTLA4 Promotes Tyk2-STAT3-Dependent B-cell Oncogenicity.
Herrmann A, Lahtz C, Nagao T, Song JY, Chan WC, Lee H, Yue C, Look T, Mülfarth R, Li W, Jenkins K, Williams J, Budde LE, Forman S, Kwak L, Blankenstein T, Yu H.
Cancer Res. 2017 Sep 15;77(18):5118-5128. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-0342. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
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