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PPAR Pathway

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Nuclear hormone receptors are transcription factors that bind DNA and regulate transcription in a ligand-dependent manner. PPARs (Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors) are ligand-inducible transcription factors that belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, together with the receptors for thyroid hormone, retinoids, steroid hormones and vitamin D that act as ligand-activated transcription factors. PPARs regulate gene expression by binding with RXR (Retinoid X Receptor) as a heterodimeric partner to specific DNA sequence elements termed PPRE (Peroxisome Proliferator Response Element) (Ref.1). This heterodimeric transcription factor complex then binds to cognate sequences in promoter regions of target genes involved in the catabolism of fatty acids. PPAR ligands can be either synthetic, such as peroxisome proliferators, hypolipidaemic drugs, anti-inflammatory or insulin-sensitizing drugs, or endogenous, most [...]


1.PPARs are a unique set of fatty acid regulated transcription factors controlling both lipid metabolism and inflammation.
Varga T, Czimmerer Z, Nagy L.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Aug;1812(8):1007-22. doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2011.02.014. Epub 2011 Mar 5. Review.
2.Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor targets for the treatment of metabolic diseases.
Monsalve FA, Pyarasani RD, Delgado-Lopez F, Moore-Carrasco R.
Mediators Inflamm. 2013;2013:549627. doi: 10.1155/2013/549627. Epub 2013 May 27. Review.
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