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Taurine and Hypotaurine Metabolism

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Taurine is a nonprotein Amino acid. It is an end product of L-Cysteine metabolism and the principal free intracellular Amino acid in many tissues of humans and other animal species. Taurine is present in high amounts in the brain, retina, myocardium, skeletal and smooth muscle, platelets and neutrophils. It is classified as a conditionally essential Amino acid important during mammalian development because it is necessary to be supplied in the diet of infants for normal retinal and brain development. Taurine is different from most biological Amino acids in a few particulars. It is a Sulfonic acid rather than a Carboxylic acid; it is a Beta-Amino acid rather than an Alpha-Amino acid and it does not have a chiral center. Most [...]


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