The Clostridia are a diverse group of Gram-positive, rod-shaped anaerobes that include several toxin-producing pathogens (notably Clostridium difficile, Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium tetani, Clostridium acetobutylicum and Clostridium perfringens) and a large number of terrestrial species that produce acetone, butanol, ethanol, isopropanol, and organic acids through fermentation of a variety of carbon sources. C. acetobutylicum strain ATCC 824 has been used for the industrial production of acetone, butanol, and ethanol ...
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