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Biosynthesis of Phenylalanine and Tyrosine in Bacteria and Plants


Chorismate is a branch point for different pathways leading to Phenylalanine and Tyrosine. A mutase reaction yields Prephenate, which undergoes either a DehydrataseDecarboxylase or a reductionDecarboxylase reaction (in some bacteria) resulting in aromatization, the oxo analogues of phenylalanine and tyrosine obtained in this way are then converted into the respective amino acids by transamination. In chloroplasts of higher plants, Prephenate is first transaminated to Arogenate, while the DehydrataseDecarboxylase reactions t...




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