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Pathways

Featured Pathways

Displaying 361 to 372 (of 825 pathways)

Featured Pathways

Melanocytes are melanin-producing cells found in skin, hair follicles, eyes, inner ear, bones, heart and brain of humans. Melanocytes are generally important for their role in Skin pigmentation, and their ability to produce and distribute Melanin is well known. Melanocytes are responsible for the endogenous synthesis of melanin pigments. Melanin is produced in Melanosomes, specialized[..]

The processing of visual information begins in the retina with the detection of light by photoreceptor cells. In humans, two types of photoreceptors in the retina mediate the light response: the rods which mediate vision in dim light and the cones which mediate bright light and color vision. Humans have one rod and three cones for long, medium- and short-waves.[..]

C. albicans (Candida albicans) is a polymorphic fungus which resides as a lifelong, harmless commensal organism in normal condition.  Under certain circumstances, however, C. albicans can cause a wide range of superficial mucosal diseases as well as life-threatening systemic yeast infections in immunocompromised patients (Ref.1). C. albicans is is[..]

The signal transduction cascades regulating asexual sporulation in the Ascomycetous filamentous fungi A. nidulans (Aspergillus nidulans) can be divided into two phases: a Growth phase, in which cells become competent to respond to sporulation-inducing signals and an Asexual reproduction phase, including initiation of the Sporulation pathway and formation of spore-bearing structures. A.[..]

Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria mainly causing infection in warm blooded animals. Chlamydia includes four species: C.trachomatis, C.pneumoniae, C.psittaci, and C.pecorum, out of which C.pneumoniae, C.psittaci, and C.trachomatis are human pathogens.  Chlamydophila pneumonia is responsible for a[..]

Inflammation is the process by which an organism responds to tissue injury involving both immune cell recruitment and mediator release. Diverse causes of neuropathic pain are associated with excessive inflammation in both the peripheral and central nervous system which may contribute to the initiation and maintenance of persistent pain. Chemical mediators, such as cytokines, chemokines, and[..]

Cytokinins are a major class of phytohormones that belong to the family of adenine derivatives and are considered as a key regulator of many important plant developmental processes including embryogenesis, seed germination and development, stimulated leaf expansion, organogenesis, vascular patterning, nodulation, circadian clocks, light responses, nutrient status,  transitions to[..]

Ethylene (C2H4) is a naturally occurring plant hormone involved in a large number of developmental processes including leaf abscission, ripening of Fruit, senescence, responses to Wound, seed germination, growth of adventitious roots under flooding conditions, epinasty stimulation, inhibition of shoot growth and stomatal closing and flowering (Ref. 1). Naturally occurring[..]

Ethylene (C2H4) is a naturally occurring plant hormone involved in a large number of developmental processes including leaf abscission, ripening of Fruit, senescence, responses to Wound, seed germination, growth of adventitious roots under flooding conditions, epinasty stimulation, inhibition of shoot growth and stomatal closing and flowering (Ref. 1). A combination of genetic, biochemical,[..]

The ability of the immune system to respond appropriately to foreign antigen is dependent on a delicate balance of activating and inhibitory signals. Although positive signaling is essential for the generation of effective immunity, counterbalancing the immune response by inhibitory pathways is equally important. Loss of inhibitory signaling is often associated with autoreactivity and unchecked[..]

Fcγ receptors are a family of glycoproteins expressed on the membrane of immune cells, and capable of binding the Fc portion of IgG antibody molecules. These receptors bind to various IgG subclasses with different affinities, and when crosslinked by multivalent antigen-antibody complexes, can induce different cellular responses. In humans, several activating receptors (FcγRI/CD64,[..]

Phagocytosis, defined as the cellular uptake of particulates (>0.5 m) within a plasma-membrane envelope, is closely related to and partly overlaps the endocytosis of soluble ligands by fluid-phase macropinocytic and receptor pathways. The uptake of exogenous particles (heterophagy) has features in common with autophagy, an endogenous process of sequestration and lysosomal disposal of damaged[..]

Displaying 361 to 372 (of 825 pathways)
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